<progress id="duxal"><blockquote id="duxal"><rp id="duxal"></rp></blockquote></progress>
    <acronym id="duxal"><blockquote id="duxal"></blockquote></acronym><small id="duxal"><blockquote id="duxal"><rp id="duxal"></rp></blockquote></small><optgroup id="duxal"><li id="duxal"></li></optgroup>

      手機APP下載

      您現在的位置: 首頁 > 專業八級 > 專八聽力 > 英語專八聽力真題聽寫 > 正文

      2017年英語專業八級真題聽力 Mini-lecture(3)

      來源:可可英語 編輯:Melody ?  VIP免費外教試聽課 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
       下載MP3到電腦  批量下載MP3和LRC到手機
      加載中..

      While speech and writing are often viewed as discrete modes, it is important for us to note that there is a continuum between speech and writing.

      “說”和“寫”通常被看作兩個各自獨立的模式,但是,要注意,“說”和“寫”之間也存在著連續統一體。
      While speech is in general more interactive than writing, various kinds of spoken and written English display various degrees of interactivity.
      “說”一般比“寫”更具交互性,而不同種類的書面英語和英語口語也表現出了不同程度的交互性。
      For instance, various linguistic markers of interactive discourse, such as first and second person pronouns, contractions, and private verbs such as think and feel, occurred very frequently in telephone and face-to-face conversations but less frequently in spontaneous speeches, interviews, and broadcasts.
      比如,許多交際話語的語言學標記,如第一、二人稱代詞,縮寫詞,以及“認為”、“感覺”之類的私動詞,都經常出現在電話交談和面對面交談中,在即興演講、采訪和廣播中出現頻率較低。
      In addition, some kinds of writing, such as academic prose and official documents, exhibited few markers of interactive discourse, but the other kinds of written texts, particularly personal letters, ranked higher on the scale of interactivity than many of the spoken texts.
      另外,許多種書面形式,比如學術文章和官方文件,都極少出現交際話語的標記,但是其他種類的書面文本,尤其是私人信件,比許多口語語篇的交互性都要強。
      In other words, how language is structured depends less on whether it is spoken or written but more on how it is being used.
      換句話說,語言的組織形式,與采用“說”還是“寫”的模式關系較小,與實際用途關系比較大。
      For example, a personal letter, even though it is written, will contain linguistic features marking interactivity because the writer of a letter wishes to interact with the receiver of the letter.
      比如,私人信件雖然是書面的,也具有許多帶有交互性的語言學特征。因為寫信者希望和收信人產生互動。
      On the other hand, in an interview, the goal is not to interact necessarily but to get information from the person being interviewed.
      而采訪,目的不是交流,而是獲取被采訪人的信息。
      Therefore, though interviews are spoken, they have fewer markers of interactivity and contain more features typically associated with written texts.
      因此,雖然采訪采用了“說”的模式,卻沒有那么多交互性標記,而是包含了許多書面文本的常見特征。
      OK, to sum up, we have been dealing with the modes of language in today's lecture.
      好了,總結一下,我們今天講了語言的模式。
      The two most frequently used modes are speech and writing.
      兩種最常用的模式就是口語和書面語。
      As two different modes of language, speech and writing have their own characteristics.
      這兩種語言模式各有特點。
      Speech is a preferred mode in many social contacts where interactivity is needed.
      要求交互性的社會交往中,往往采用口語的形式。
      Of course, when a formal stable record is preferred, writing should be an appropriate mode.
      當然,如果需要形成正式且持久的記錄,書面形式則比較合適。
      Finally, I have also emphasized that there is a continuum between speech and writing.
      最后,我還要強調,口語和書面語中間存在著連續統一體。
      In the following lecture, we will concentrate on the linguistic structures of language.
      下次上課,我們要講到語言的語言學結構。
      Thank you!
      謝謝大家!

      重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
      prose [prəuz]

      想一想再看

      adj. 散文的
      n. 散文

       
      academic [.ækə'demik]

      想一想再看

      adj. 學術的,學院的,理論的
      n.

       
      linguistic [liŋ'gwistik]

      想一想再看

      adj. 語言的,語言學的

       
      discourse ['diskɔ:s,dis'kɔ:s]

      想一想再看

      n. 談話,演講
      vi. 談話,講述

      聯想記憶
      addition [ə'diʃən]

      想一想再看

      n. 增加,附加物,加法

      聯想記憶
      discrete [di'skri:t]

      想一想再看

      adj. 不連續的,離散的

      聯想記憶
      interview ['intəvju:]

      想一想再看

      n. 接見,會見,面試,面談
      vt. 接見,采

       
      scale [skeil]

      想一想再看

      n. 鱗,刻度,衡量,數值范圍
      v. 依比例決

       
      contain [kən'tein]

      想一想再看

      vt. 包含,容納,克制,抑制
      vi. 自制

      聯想記憶
      spontaneous [spɔn'teiniəs]

      想一想再看

      adj. 自發的,自然產生的

      聯想記憶
      ?

      新東方專業八級Tem8網絡課程:試聽更多Tem8網絡課程>>

      發布評論我來說2句

        可可英語官方微信(微信號:ikekenet)

        每天向大家推送短小精悍的英語學習資料.

        添加方式1.掃描上方可可官方微信二維碼。
        添加方式2.搜索微信號ikekenet添加即可。
        亚洲在线成色综合网站